Updated: Feb 13, 2019
A mystical word that conjures magic just by uttering its sacred sound. According to various historical references, it is the magical name of a Supreme Being. A God that has been found carved on sacred charms, talismans, and amulets from antiquity. Represented with the head of a rooster, body of a man, and snakes for legs, holding a shield and a whip.
The Gnostic Christians of the 2nd century believed Abraxas to be the first Archon, the Supreme God above all other Gods of this multiverse. Also known as Abrasax or God of the 365 Spheres by Gnostics, with the belief being that Abraxas is one of the original Aeons that created 365 heavens, one for each day on Earth, and the Angels from the last heaven then created our world. Which would mean that the God Yahweh, recognized as creating this plane of existence, would have been created by Abraxas. It is a very interesting theory that definitely carried a weight of serious reverence and importance in ancient times. It is also believed that the word Abracadabra is linked to Abraxas, which was thought to give magical powers to an incantation when spoken. In the early 19th century, Sir Godfrey Higgins stated " a name so sacredly guarded, so potent in its influence, should be preserved by mystic societies through the many ages... is significant." Carl Jung in his book Seven Sermons of the Dead claimed that Abraxas was a higher god than the Christian god, and was actually a combination of God and the Devil. Catholicism's writings on Abraxas were part of the foundations of Christian theology from the 2nd century, until later years when the church labeled Abraxas a pagan god and demon, and anyone who believed a heretic of the church. It makes you wonder the deeper truth at hand. Things lost or covered up in time always have a way of revealing themselves. A God of Gods that bestows magic in the vows of Its name.... Its an interesting idea to think about.
An interesting connection I noted referring to the woodcut above; in Tarot deck the II (2nd) card of the Major Arcana is the Magician posing the question to the universe 'wilt thou' answer my call and fulfill the magic. Abraxas is the one working between the worlds in this picture. In this card the female image seems to be posing the same question to Abraxas with the symbol of Saturn inscribed in her chest that represents 'I achieve'. Representing through symbolism asking for what you wish to obtain and being granted it by Abraxas, further linking this woodcut to the idea of magic with the connection to Abraxas and Abracadabra.